The Spanish Verb DAR – Meanings and Everyday Uses

Today we’ll start with a high-level over view of one of the most essential verbs in Spanish: the verb “dar“, which is in English means “to give”.  The second part contains a handful of extremely useful common expressions used in everyday spoken Spanish – completely must-learns for the serious Spanish learners!

Yo doy – I give

Tú das – You give

Él/ella da – He/she gives

Nosotros damos  – We give

Ellos/ellas dan – They give

Ustedes dan – You(pl) give

For example:

  • Ella da una explicación al director.She gives an explanation to the principal.
  • Nosotros damos muchos regalos a los niños. – We give many gifts to the children.
  • das la tarea a la maestra.You give the homework to the teacher.
  • Yo doy las reglas a los estudiantes.  - I give students the rules.

Pretty basic stuff…

…But there are also Spanish expressions that use the verb “dar”, and once you have learned the above which shouldn’t take too long – the below is the more interesting and essential stuff about DAR.

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For example:

  • Te das cuenta de lo que está pasando.You realize what is happening.
  • Mi habitación da el Este.My room faces the East.
  • das de comer al gato.You give food to the cat.

As you can see, by using “dar” in a different context in the sentence, or combining with other words – it can change the meaning of the word entirely.

Here I present a list of these idioms where we use the verb “to give”.

  • Dar ato face
  • Dar la vueltato turn, flip
  • Dar un paseoto take a walk, to take a ride, to go for a walk.
  • Dar a uno algoto cause, to make, to produce  (In this case the verb “DAR” uses conjugation: me da (dan), te da, le da, nos da, les da)
  • Dar de comerto feed
  • Dar la horato strike (the hour)
  • Dar un golpe - to bump
  • Dar con alguien o algo - to meet, to come upon, to find someone (some-thing)
  • Dar la mano a alguiento shake hands with someone
  • Dar las gracias - to thank
  • Dar las buenas noches (días)to say good night (morning)
  • Dar penato be sad, worry
  • Darse prisato hurry up (prisa = urgency, speed)
  • Darse cuenta de - to realize, to be aware of  (The verbs that use “se” are reflexive, then change “se” by: me, se, te, nos, se, for each subject, respectively.)

The next two verbs used the same way in Spanish as well as English:

  • Dar la señal - to give the signal
  • Dar a luz - to give birth

Here are some sentence-examples of using DAR in various forms:

  • La iglesia da hacia el parque. - The church faces the park.
  • El carro da la vuelta en la esquina.The car turns the corner.
  • Ellos dan un paseo por el parque.They take a walk (a ride) through the park.
  • Las películas de fantasmas me dan miedo  – The ghost movies cause me afraid.
  • Ellos dan de comer a los caballos. – They feed the horses.
  • El reloj dio las siete.- The clock struck seven.
  • Él dio un golpe a la puerta.He bumped the door.
  • Yo di con mi amiga en la calle.I met my friend on the street.
  • Él da la mano a la maestra.He shakes hands with the teacher.
  • Ella dio las gracias al hombre por su bondad.She thanked the man for his kindness.
  • Yo doy los buenos días a mis amigos. - I say good morning to my friend.
  • Da pena que ellos viajen solos.It is sad that they are traveling alone.
  • Date prisa, es tarde.Hurry, it’s late.
  • Me doy cuenta de que necesito comprar clases en Letsgospanish.I realize I need to buy classes in Letsgospanish. – The Best Online Spanish School!)
  • Ella da la señal de partida.She gives the starting signal.
  • Mi tía dio a luz a una hermosa bebé.My aunt gave birth to a beautiful baby.

Once again – thanks for reading!

photo credit: MarkyBon via photopin

4 comments on “The Spanish Verb DAR – Meanings and Everyday Uses

  1. Pingback: Ways to use TENER (to have) in Spanish | LetsGoSpanish

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  4. Pingback: Common Spanish Expressions with Verbs | Let's Go Spanish

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