As you will discover while learning Spanish, many verbs can take on different meanings than what you initially learned, and are used idiomatically to create other various expressions. Dar generally means “to give”; however in combination with other words as you will see, a whole new useful vocabulary list emerges.
Today, we’ll start a two-part mini-series on common expressions with verbs in Spanish. Specifically, expressions with: Acabar, Dar, Dejar, Echar, Haber and Hacer.
Expressions with ACABAR
acabar de + infinitive – to have just
acabar por + infinitive – to end by, to finally
- Acabo de volver de la escuela. – I have just returned from school.
- Se enfermó gravemente y acabó por morir. – He became seriously ill and finally died.
(dar de beber (comer) a)
This week, we’d like to expand your horizons and to go “off-textbook” and teach you some useful everyday phrases in Spanish. “Guatemaltequismos” are sayings, words or idioms typical in Guatemala – the phrases and expressions are used in “the street” for referring to certain things but in a funny or very casual way in this country. Keep in mind that these are common in Guatemala specifically, some words/phrases may be understood in other Latin American countries. Having at least some of these in your back pocket will surely go a long way towards the goal of fluency – and the locals will be impressed!
Here is a list of some Guatemaltequismos:
Amishar – a verb for being shy, or embarrassed.
- La niña es muy amishada. – She is very shy.
Learning the basics of Spanish conversation is great. But how many times have you felt like you increased your Spanish significantly, only to hear a conversation that you barely understand. Most likely, you are hearing slang – and coming across it in everyday life will definitely happen. Often, you are hearing so many “foreign” words to you, that the ones you do know get all mashed up in between, thus you feel like it’s a complete new language all of the sudden!
To be honest, this will happen time and time again – and unfortunately, you’ll have to understand that it takes time (sometimes a lot) to learn the Spanish slang that is truly useful.
Today I was at the gym, and I noticed a trainer and a gym member working out, both speaking Spanish together, and I hear a lot of this “slang” that you may encounter should you hear people at the gym talking. Of course, the slang that you hear may be about anything under the sun, but today let’s focus on some of the Spanish words and phrases that you may hear working out at the gym. Some of these may not be slang per se, but carry a common usage:
How many days do you work out in a week? ¿Cuántas veces a la semana haces ejercicio?
Stretching & Warming up is important before you start your workout session. Es muy importante el estiramiento y calentamiento antes de iniciar a entrenar.