Early on when you are studying Spanish, you probably learned the phrase “me gusta”. Me gusta this, me gusta that. While you are somewhat correct that it means “I like this, I like that”, it would be more correct to say “This is pleasing to me, that is pleasing to me”. That is why the verb conjugates differently than say “comer”.
Let’s have a look and dissect the verbGustar (to like) and the several others that are similar to it.
But Spanish is different. The verb “gustar” in Spanish depends on “what you like” and not the person who likes”
Me gusta la clase de español.
Te gustan las flores.
As you can see, the verb is conjugated according to the noun not the person. In the first sentence there is “gusta” because the noun is “la clase” thus is singular. The second sentence uses “gustan” because the noun is “las flores” and is plural. The form of gustar and the noun have to agree with each other.
Additionally, “Gustar” is preceded by an indirect object pronoun (me / te etc.). This indicates that the person is performing the action (of liking).
Not the favorite topic of Spanish students, especially coming from a language without a common equivalent – Reflexive verbs are indeed an important grammatical topic to get your head around pretty early on.
Reflexive verbs are simply when the subject of the verb is also its object. What does this mean? Let’s start off slow and work our way forward with some easy examples.
A reflexive verb requires a reflexive personal pronoun, and these are:
In our 3rd installment of essential verbs (dar and tener), today we will look at the Spanish verb “Hacer”. By its translation: to make/ to do – you can see that it is one of the most common verbs while speaking Spanish. We’ll look at the quick and easy conjugation, some examples in sentences, and finally the ever-so-important “alternate uses” which as you will find out, are just as important as its “basic” meaning.
In our second piece on three verbs (Dar, Tener, and Hacer) to discuss their main uses, but more importantly (and more interestingly) their alternate usages. Today we will focus today on the verb “tener” which in English is “to have”.
Today we’ll start with a high-level over view of one of the most essential verbs in Spanish: the verb “dar“, which is in English means “to give”. The second part contains a handful of extremely useful common expressions used in everyday spoken Spanish – completely must-learns for the serious Spanish learners!
Yo doy – I give
Tú das – You give
Él/ella da – He/she gives
Nosotros damos – We give
Ellos/ellas dan – They give
Ustedes dan – You(pl) give
Ella da una explicación al director. – She gives an explanation to the principal.
Nosotros damos muchos regalos a los niños. – We give many gifts to the children.
Tú das la tarea a la maestra. – You give the homework to the teacher.
Yo doy las reglas a los estudiantes. – I give students the rules.
Pretty basic stuff…
…But there are also Spanish expressions that use the verb “dar”, and once you have learned the above which shouldn’t take too long – the below is the more interesting and essential stuff about DAR.