Today let’s back peddle a tad to a more basic topic in Spanish grammar – Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns. You will learn when to use them, how to differentiate them from each other. The words themselves seem very similar, so pay visual attention to the word-endings, and things will start to make sense as you improve your Spanish skills.
Demonstrative adjectives are simply words that “point” to something else, and in English are words; this/these, and that/those. They precede the nouns they modify and agree with them in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).
Spanish, like English, has an active and a passive voice. In the active voice, the subject generally performs some action. In the passive voice, the subject is acted upon.
Notice the difference between active and passive voice Spanish sentence constructions:
- El chef preparó la comida. – The chef prepared the meal. (active)
- La comida fue preparada por el chef. – The meal was prepared by the chef. (passive)
- Los niños hacen los dibujos. – The children make drawings. (active)
- Los dibujos son hechos por los niños. – The drawings are made by children (passive)
- Los arquitectos construirán el edificio. – The architects will construct the building. (active)
- El edificio será construido por los arquitectos. – The building will be constructed by the architects. (passive)
We have already studied the rules of how to use prepositions in Spanish; we hope that this information has been useful to you. Now we will study Spanish verbs that use prepositions and some phrases or expressions that are formed using prepositions.
As we saw, prepositions can be used in various ways; they can express location, use, places, destination, etc. Today, we will see how to use them to accompany verbs
Prepositions with infinitives
In Spanish, the infinitive is the only verb form that may immediately follow a preposition. So, after a preposition the verb must be in the infinitive
- Ella salió sin cerrar la puerta. – She went out without closing the door.
- Vamos a nadar en la piscine. – We are going to swim in the pool.
- Ellos acaban de llegar. – They have just arrived.
In our 3rd installment of essential verbs (dar and tener), today we will look at the Spanish verb “Hacer”. By its translation: to make/ to do – you can see that it is one of the most common verbs while speaking Spanish. We’ll look at the quick and easy conjugation, some examples in sentences, and finally the ever-so-important “alternate uses” which as you will find out, are just as important as its “basic” meaning.
Yo hago – I do/make
Tú haces – You do/make
Él/ella hace – He/she does/makes
Nosotros hacemos – We do/make
Ellos/ellas hacen – They do/make
Ustedes hacen – You (pl) do/make
In our second piece on three verbs (Dar, Tener, and Hacer) to discuss their main uses, but more importantly (and more interestingly) their alternate usages. Today we will focus today on the verb “tener” which in English is “to have”.
Yo tengo – I have
Tú tienes – You have
Él/ella tiene – He/she has
Nosotros tenemos– We have
Ellos/ellas tienen – They have
Ustedes tienen – You (pl) have
Today we’ll start with a high-level over view of one of the most essential verbs in Spanish: the verb “dar“, which is in English means “to give”. The second part contains a handful of extremely useful common expressions used in everyday spoken Spanish – completely must-learns for the serious Spanish learners!
Yo doy – I give
Tú das – You give
Él/ella da – He/she gives
Nosotros damos – We give
Ellos/ellas dan – They give
Ustedes dan – You(pl) give
- Ella da una explicación al director. – She gives an explanation to the principal.
- Nosotros damos muchos regalos a los niños. – We give many gifts to the children.
- Tú das la tarea a la maestra. – You give the homework to the teacher.
- Yo doy las reglas a los estudiantes. – I give students the rules.
Pretty basic stuff…
…But there are also Spanish expressions that use the verb “dar”, and once you have learned the above which shouldn’t take too long – the below is the more interesting and essential stuff about DAR.
The difference between “por and para” after the difference between ser and estar, is one of the biggest problems that the students face when they study Spanish
The difference between these two words is large, but even so – Spanish students tend to mix them up time and time again. In most cases “por and para” means “for”, which obviously is a very common word in both languages, but they can also take on meanings that extend beyond this, all which I will detail below.
- Gracias por venir. – Thanks for coming.
- Los chocolates son para los niños. – The chocolates are for kids.
Arrgh! Confusing, right?
Learning the basics of Spanish conversation is great. But how many times have you felt like you increased your Spanish significantly, only to hear a conversation that you barely understand. Most likely, you are hearing slang – and coming across it in everyday life will definitely happen. Often, you are hearing so many “foreign” words to you, that the ones you do know get all mashed up in between, thus you feel like it’s a complete new language all of the sudden!
To be honest, this will happen time and time again – and unfortunately, you’ll have to understand that it takes time (sometimes a lot) to learn the Spanish slang that is truly useful.
Today I was at the gym, and I noticed a trainer and a gym member working out, both speaking Spanish together, and I hear a lot of this “slang” that you may encounter should you hear people at the gym talking. Of course, the slang that you hear may be about anything under the sun, but today let’s focus on some of the Spanish words and phrases that you may hear working out at the gym. Some of these may not be slang per se, but carry a common usage:
How many days do you work out in a week? ¿Cuántas veces a la semana haces ejercicio?
Stretching & Warming up is important before you start your workout session. Es muy importante el estiramiento y calentamiento antes de iniciar a entrenar.