A very good sentence construction in Spanish to learn early on is the comparative statement. Here you can refer to something or someone in reference to something (one) else – whether is it a comparison on equal or non-equal. As you will see below, the constructions are actually quite easy, and soon you will be comparing things left and right in Spanish!
Comparisons of Equality
Tan + adjective (or adverb) + como – as (equal)… as
Jorge es tan fuerte como tú. – Jorge is as strong as you.
Ellos están tan aburridos como yo. – They are as boring as I.
Ella baila tan bonito como su hermana. – She dances as well as her sister.
This basic lesson focuses on how to ask for and tell the time of day in Spanish, as well as expressing the days of the week. Compared to other topics, it is fortunately one that you may be able to read through just a couple of times, and get the hang of it. Don’t be afraid to read it out loud!! Try asking yourself the questions, and then responding back.
Today let’s back peddle a tad to a more basic topic in Spanish grammar – Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns. You will learn when to use them, how to differentiate them from each other. The words themselves seem very similar, so pay visual attention to the word-endings, and things will start to make sense as you improve your Spanish skills.
Demonstrative adjectives are simply words that “point” to something else, and in English are words; this/these, and that/those. They precede the nouns they modify and agree with them in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).
Not the favorite topic of Spanish students, especially coming from a language without a common equivalent – Reflexive verbs are indeed an important grammatical topic to get your head around pretty early on.
Reflexive verbs are simply when the subject of the verb is also its object. What does this mean? Let’s start off slow and work our way forward with some easy examples.
A reflexive verb requires a reflexive personal pronoun, and these are:
We have already studied the rules of how to use prepositions in Spanish; we hope that this information has been useful to you. Now we will study Spanish verbs that use prepositions and some phrases or expressions that are formed using prepositions.
As we saw, prepositions can be used in various ways; they can express location, use, places, destination, etc. Today, we will see how to use them to accompany verbs
Prepositions with infinitives
In Spanish, the infinitive is the only verb form that may immediately follow a preposition. So, after a preposition the verb must be in the infinitive
Ella salió sin cerrar la puerta. – She went out without closing the door.
Vamos a nadar en la piscine. – We are going to swim in the pool.
The difference between “por and para” after the difference between ser and estar, is one of the biggest problems that the students face when they study Spanish
The difference between these two words is large, but even so – Spanish students tend to mix them up time and time again. In most cases “por and para” means “for”, which obviously is a very common word in both languages, but they can also take on meanings that extend beyond this, all which I will detail below.
Gracias por venir. – Thanks for coming.
Los chocolates son para los niños. – The chocolates are for kids.