More Spanish Expressions with Verbs

This is the second edition on learning some common Spanish Expressions with Verbs.  Don’t miss the first-part which focuses on the verbs: Acabar, Dar, Dejar, Echar, Haver and Hacer.

Today, we’ll focus on: Perder, Ponerse, Tener, Volver, and some other commonly used expressions.

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(ponerse + adjective – to become)

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Demonstrative Adjectives & Pronouns in Spanish – When to Use & What are the differences?

Today let’s back peddle a tad to a more basic topic in Spanish grammar – Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns.  You will learn when to use them, how to differentiate them from each other.  The words themselves seem very similar, so pay visual attention to the word-endings, and things will start to make sense as you improve your Spanish skills.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are simply words that “point” to something else, and in English are words; this/these, and that/those. They precede the nouns they modify and agree with them in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).

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REFLEXIVE VERBS in Spanish -Flex some Spanish Muscle!

Not the favorite topic of Spanish students, especially coming from a language without a common equivalent – Reflexive verbs are indeed an important grammatical topic to get your head around pretty early on.

Reflexive verbs are simply when the subject of the verb is also its object.   What does this mean?  Let’s start off slow and work our way forward with some easy examples.

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A reflexive verb requires a reflexive personal pronoun, and these are:

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More about Spanish Prepositions

We have already studied the rules of how to use prepositions in Spanish; we hope that this information has been useful to you. Now we will study Spanish verbs that use prepositions and some phrases or expressions that are formed using prepositions.

As we saw, prepositions can be used in various ways; they can express location, use, places, destination, etc. Today, we will see how to use them to accompany verbs

Prepositions with infinitives

In Spanish, the infinitive is the only verb form that may immediately follow a preposition. So, after a preposition the verb must be in the infinitive

For example:

  • Ella salió sin cerrar  la puerta.She went out without closing the door.
  • Vamos a nadar en la piscine.We are going to swim in the pool.
  • Ellos acaban de llegar.They have just arrived.

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Spanish Language Basics: Prepositions

Today we are going a bit back to the basics, and talk about Spanish Prepositions.  Prepositions are words that relate a noun or pronouns to some other word in the sentence.

Prepositions are an essential building block of a proper sentence, and are used in every Spanish conversation.  While they are relatively easy to learn, I think it is good practice to once in a while review to make sure that your understanding and memory of them are clear

For example:

  • Yo voy a la tienda.I’m going to the store.
  • Ella estudia con George.She studies with George.
  • Trabajo en la biblioteca.I work in the library.

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Now let’s look at one by one these prepositions:

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GUATEMALTEQUISMOS: Guatemalan Expressions in Spanish:

This week, we’d like to expand your horizons and to go “off-textbook” and teach you some useful everyday phrases in Spanish. “Guatemaltequismos” are sayings, words or idioms typical in Guatemala – the phrases and expressions are used in “the street” for referring to certain things but in a funny or very casual way in this country.  Keep in mind that these are common in Guatemala specifically, some words/phrases may be understood in other Latin American countries.  Having at least some of these in your back pocket will surely go a long way towards the goal of fluency – and the locals will be impressed!

Here is a list of some Guatemaltequismos:

Amishara verb for being shy, or embarrassed.

  • La niña es muy amishada. – She is very shy.

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The Spanish Verb HACER – Meanings and Everyday Uses

In our 3rd installment of essential verbs (dar and tener), today we will look at the Spanish verb “Hacer”.  By its translation: to make/ to do – you can see that it is one of the most common verbs while speaking Spanish.  We’ll look at the quick and easy conjugation, some examples in sentences, and finally the ever-so-important “alternate uses” which as you will find out, are just as important as its “basic” meaning.

Yo hago – I do/make

haces – You do/make

Él/ella hace – He/she does/makes

Nosotros hacemos – We do/make

Ellos/ellas hacen – They do/make

Ustedes hacen – You (pl) do/make

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The Spanish Verb DAR – Meanings and Everyday Uses

Today we’ll start with a high-level over view of one of the most essential verbs in Spanish: the verb “dar“, which is in English means “to give”.  The second part contains a handful of extremely useful common expressions used in everyday spoken Spanish – completely must-learns for the serious Spanish learners!

Yo doy – I give

Tú das – You give

Él/ella da – He/she gives

Nosotros damos  – We give

Ellos/ellas dan – They give

Ustedes dan – You(pl) give

For example:

  • Ella da una explicación al director.She gives an explanation to the principal.
  • Nosotros damos muchos regalos a los niños. – We give many gifts to the children.
  • das la tarea a la maestra.You give the homework to the teacher.
  • Yo doy las reglas a los estudiantes.  – I give students the rules.

Pretty basic stuff…

…But there are also Spanish expressions that use the verb “dar”, and once you have learned the above which shouldn’t take too long – the below is the more interesting and essential stuff about DAR.

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Positive and Negative words in Spanish

Today, we’ll talk about something a bit simpler – positive and negative words in Spanish.

Let’s start with the negative words.  As the name implies, there are words that have a negative meaning, but we will also see that sometimes can give a positive idea, so let’s see some examples.

Negative words in Spanish

No – no, not

Nadie / ninguno – nobody, no one

Nada – nothing, not anything

Nunca / jamás – never

Ningún / ninguna – none, not any

Tampoco – neither

Ni… ni – neither …. nor

Ni – not even

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What is the difference between Por y Para, and when do use each

The difference between “por and para” after the difference between ser and estar, is one of the biggest problems that the students face when they study Spanish

The difference between these two words is large, but even so – Spanish students tend to mix them up time and time again.  In most cases “por and para” means “for”, which obviously is a very common word in both languages, but they can also take on meanings that extend beyond this, all which I will detail below.

For example:

  • Gracias por venir. – Thanks for coming.
  • Los chocolates son para los niños. – The chocolates are for kids.

Arrgh!  Confusing, right?

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